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MLA 9th Edition Examples

Guide with examples for creating citations with the 9th edition of MLA

Overview of Works Cited page

The Works Cited list contains all of the sources used in your research. It appears on a separate page at the end of a research paper. Entries are listed alphabetically by main entry (usually the author).

Double space all citations, but do not skip spaces between entries.

Indent the second and subsequent lines of citations by 0.5 inches to create a hanging indent.

The 9th edition of the MLA style guide recommends a method which is applicable to any type of document or source.
All entries in a Works Cited list are based on nine core elements and should be included in the following order with the punctuation shown. End the full citation with a period.
It’s possible that you will not have all of the core elements for a particular source. Simply skip missing elements, with the exception of the title. If there is no title, supply a description of the source in place of the title (pg. 105/5.1). You may also add supplemental elements (for further clarification about supplemental elements see pgs. 208-210 of the 9th edition of the MLA Handbook).

1. Author.
2. Title of source.
3. Title of container,
4. Contributors,
5. Version,
6. Number,
7. Publisher,
8. Publication Date,
9. Location.

By recording the core elements, in their proper order, with punctuation provided, you have created a Works Cited list.


Works Cited Sample Page

Works Cited

Crespi, Bernie. "Darwin and your Brain." Vancouver Evolution Festival. Simon Fraser University and University of British Columbia, 12 Feb. 2009, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver. Lecture.  

Fundamentals of Health Information Management. Canadian Healthcare Association, 2013.  

Grant, Adam. Originals: How Non-Conformists Move the World. Penguin Books, 2016. Ebscohost,  

Heatherwick, Thomas and Maisie Rowe. Thomas Heatherwick: Making. Monacelli Press, 2015.  

Jirousek, Charlotte. “The Arts and Crafts Movement.” Art, Design and Visual Thinking, Accessed 3 Mar. 2020.

“The Door.” Game of Thrones, created by David Benioff and D.B. Weiss, season 6, episode 5, HBO, 26 May 2016.

Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. 11th ed, Merriam-Webster, 2014.  

Potvin, John. “Colour Wars: Personality, Textiles and the Art of the Interior in 1930s Britain”. Visual Culture in Britain, Mar.2015, Vol. 16, no.1, pp. 25-41. Ebscohost,

Pressier, Rudolph, et al. Antique Biedermeier Furniture. Translated from German by Edward Force, Schiffer, 2002.

Seton, Ernest Thompson. The Trail of the Sandhill Stag. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1914. Project Gutenberg, Accessed 14 Jan. 2018.

Zacharias, Yvonne. "Robofuture." The Vancouver Sun, 6 Aug. 2004, p. F1. Canadian Newsstream, 0-search.proquest. Accessed 15 July 2016.


Interactive Citations

Hover over the various elements in the example citations below to see the name of the element with the punctuation to use.


Game of Thrones,Title of container,
26 May 2016.Publication date.
The Vancouver Sun,Title of container,
6 Aug. 2004,Publication date,
p. F1.Location.
Canadian Newsstream,Title of container,
This is a second container.