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MLA 9th Edition Examples

Guide with examples for creating citations with the 9th edition of MLA

Websites - General Guidance

MLA encourages the use of citing containers such as YouTube, JSTOR, Spotify or Netflix in order to easily access and verify sources.

Eliminate the https:// when citing URLs. It is advisable to truncate long URLs as long as they still work and direct to the correct page. See pages 194-196 of the MLA Handbook, 9th edition for more information.

It is a good idea to use the optional Date Accessed element.


In-text citation (Jirousek).
Works cited

Jirousek, Charlotte. “The Arts and Crafts Movement.” Art, Design and Visual Thinking, artcraft/artcraft.html. Accessed 3 Mar. 2020.

Note: If the website has an author, cite with the author’s last name. If the website doesn’t have an author, use the title of the webpage [or a shortened version of the title]. See pg.130/5.26 of the MLA Handbook 9th edition for guidance on shortening titles.

Website with corporate author

In-text citation (City of Vancouver).
Works cited

“Building Permit.” City of Vancouver, 2017, home-propertydevelopment/building-permit.aspx.

Note: The publisher's name can be omitted if the "website title is essentially the same as the name of its publisher” (pg.165/5.54).

Website without an author

In-text citation ("Blanket and Batt Insulation").
Works cited

"Blanket and Batt Insulation." BuildingGreen. Accessed 27 May 2022.

Note: When a website or web page has no obvious author use the title of the web page or a shortened version of the title the same way you would with other sources.