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MLA 9th Edition Examples

Guide with examples for creating citations with the 9th edition of MLA

Book with one author

In-text citation

(Blakemore 10).
Works cited

Blakemore, Robbie G. History of Interior Design and Furniture: From Ancient Egypt to Nineteenth-Century Europe. J. Wiley & Sons, 2006.

Note: For in-text citations, place the author’s last name and page number in parenthesis at the end of the quote or paraphrase. If the author’s name is mentioned in the text, only include the page number (pg. 227-230/6.1-6.2).

Book with two authors

In-text citation (Heatherwick and Rowe 25).
Works cited

Heatherwick, Thomas and Maisie Rowe. Thomas Heatherwick: Making. Monacelli Press, 2015.,

Note: The first author's name should be written in the inverse (Heatherwick, Thomas), and the names of the other authors can be written in natural language (e.g. Maisie Rowe)  (pg. 111/5.7). In-text, include the last names of both author’s connected with “and” (pg. 232/6.5).

Book with three or more authors

In-text citation (Pressier et al. 86).
Works cited

Pressier, Rudolph, et al. Antique Biedermeier Furniture. Translated from German by Edward Force. Schiffer, 2002.

Note: For sources with three or more authors, list the first author in the inverse (Pressier, Rudolph), followed by a comma and et al.. Do the same for the in-text citation (pg. 112/5.8).

For additional contributors beyond the author (e.g. editors, illustrators, translators, etc.), include them in your citation. No need to abbreviate the term.

Book with a corporate author

In-text citation (Canadian Healthcare Association 87).
Works cited

“Fundamentals of Health Information Management.” Canadian Healthcare Association, 2013.

Note: List the names of corporate authors in the place where an author’s name typically appears at the beginning of the entry. When the author  and publisher are the same, skip the author, and list the title first. Then, list the corporate author only as the publisher (pg. 119/5.19).

Book with no author

In-text citation (Merriam-Webster 89).
Works cited

Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. 11th ed, Merriam-Webster, 2014.

Note: When a work is published without an author’s name, skip the author element and begin the entry with the work’s title. If there are any other contributors (editor, etc.), they would come after the title of the book. See pages 237-238 of MLA Handbook, 9th ed. for details  about shortening titles.

Electronic book


Electronic Book from a Library Database
In-text citation (Grant 5).
Works cited

Grant, Adam. Originals: How Non-Conformists Move the World. Penguin Books, 2016. EBSCOhost,

Note: Use a permanent link to link to the Ebook but omit https:// or http:// (pg. 195-196/5.96).

In-text citation (Seidler 5).
Works cited

Seidler, Douglas R. Digital Drawing for Designers: A Visual Guide to AutoCAD 2021. Fairchild Books Interior Design Library, Fairchild Books, 2021,

Note: When a DOI is available use it (pg. 188/5.84).

Electronic Book from a Website
In-text citation (Seton 6).
Works cited

Seton, Ernest Thompson. The Trail of the Sandhill Stag. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1914. Project Gutenberg, Accessed 14 Jan. 2018