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MLA 9th Edition Examples

Guide with examples for creating citations with the 9th edition of MLA

Course lecture/materials

When citing an oral presentation, like a class lecture, give: the speaker's name the title of the presentation in quotation marks, if known, the name of the sponsoring organization, the date, the venue, the location. The city may be omitted if part of the venue name.

Class lecture, speech, or reading

In-text citation (Crespi).
Works cited

Crespi, Bernie. "Darwin and Your Brain." Vancouver Evolution Festival. Simon Fraser University and University of British Columbia, 12 Feb. 2009, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver. Lecture.

Note: If your class lecture does not have a title, provide the course name and course number after the professor's name and write "Class lecture" (without quotation marks) after the location.

Class lecture, speech, or reading uploaded to Learning Hub

In-text citation (Plato).
Works cited

Plato. "Apology". Learning Hub, uploaded by Jane Doe, 22 Mar. 2022,

Note: For readings posted on the Learning Hub that link to an external sites or databases, simply cite the document as you would any other document of its type. Do not use the Learning Hub as the container unless the item is uploaded directly to the Learning Hub.


Custom courseware packages are compilations of journal articles, book chapters and other materials selected by your instructor. The MLA manual does not give specific advice about citing these materials, they provide a universal set of guidelines for any type of material based based on the core elements. If you need to cite a source from a Custom Courseware package, we recommend that you check with your instructor.

In-text citation (Author Last Name Page).
Works cited

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Course Pack, edited by Instructor's First Name Last Name, British Columbia Institute of Technology, Publication Date, pp. xx-xx. Originally published in Journal Title, vol. #, no. #, publication date, pp. #-#. Course Pack.