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Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI)

A collection of resources related to diversity, equity, and inclusion.

The Impact of Bias

Bias & Microaggression

The conscious (explicit) or unconscious (implicit) opinion, preference, prejudice, or inclination formed without reasonable justification that prevents a balanced or even-handed judgement.

  • Affinity bias
    People’s tendency to connect with individuals most like themselves.
  • Confirmation bias
    Only noticing or accepting information that aligns with current beliefs.
  • Ingroup bias/ingroup favouritism
    People’s tendency to favour, prefer, and uplift the group that they are a member of.
  • Outgroup bias
    Tendency to view people from outside of one’s group unfavourably.

Small interactions with people or the environment that expose bias towards marginalized groups. While microaggressions may be unintentional, they can have cumulative negative effects on an individual’s well-being and sense of belonging.


  • Asking a person of colour, “where are you really from?”
  • Repeatedly speaking over a woman in a meeting
  • Dismissing of a female colleague by her male colleagues

What Can I Do?

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